New report reveals that abortion rate has decreased dramatically over the last 20 years, hitting a record low.
According to the lead author and CDC statistician Sally Curtin, during 2010, only 17.7 procedures have been registered for every 1,000 women aged 15 to 44. That is a 35 percent drop from 1990. It is the lowest rate of abortions since 1976, when CDC began keeping track.
According to Kathrin Kost, co-author of the study, one of the most important factors contributing to the dramatic reduction of abortions is the increased use of modern birth control.
At the same time, the pregnancy rate has also decreased to the lowest rate of all times in 2010. The greatest decline had been recorded in teenage girls. The recorded data shows a decrease of 67 percent in teens under 14 and a decrease of about 50 percent for teens between 15 to 19.
On the other side, between 1990 and 2010 there has been a constantly increasing rate in pregnancies at women over 30-years old. Kost argues that this might show the effect of contraception and family planning. More and more women are having children when they want to and stopped having unwanted pregnancies.
Eric Ferraro from Planned Parenthood claims that access to contraception could still be improved which would reduce even more the unwanted pregnancy rate.
Pro-lifers argue that legislation forcing women to consider alternatives to abortion had a role in the decreasing of abortion rate. Kost disagrees, showing that the statistics end in 2010, before the last abortion restrictions were passed by legislatures.
According to CDC’s report in 2010, about 65 percent of pregnancies ended in birth, 18 percent in abortion and 17 percent in fetal loss.
Divided on ethnicity, the abortion rate has dropped from 19.7 per 1,000 women between ages of 15 to 44 in 1990 to 9.8 in 2010.
The abortion rate for Latinas has dropped from 35.1 per 1,000 women in 1990 to 20.3 in 2010.
Among black women the abortion rate remains the highest but it has still fell from 67 abortions per 1,000 women in 1990 to 47.7 abortions per 1,000 women in 2010.
At the same time, black women had the highest pregnancy rate in 2010, of 135.1 per 1,000 women, compared with Latinas who registered 118.4 pregnancies per 1,000 women and whites, with 84.1 per 1,000 women.
Image source: pixabay