A cholera outbreak has been killing hundreds of people in Somalia. More than 32,000 cases of cholera were confirmed since the start of 2017. From these, 618 of the patients have died. This outbreak is spreading across Somalia regions as it is currently affecting 13 out of 18 areas or 70 percent of its regions.
Several factors are contributing to the spread of this cholera outbreak. The country’s water shortage and food insecurity are among them. A report conducted by the Unite Nations Office for Humanitarian Coordination (OCHA) shows that Somalia is unable to control this spread. Last month, an emergency vaccination campaign was launched to try and prevent the cholera outbreak from further expansion.
More than 450,000 people were vaccinated as part of this campaign. In Somalia, the cholera cases fatality rate is almost 2%. The onset of the rainy season could increase the risk of the outbreak spreading even more. Droughts have also worsened the situation as they led to mass population displacement. This created hotspots where the high number of people can lead to more cholera cases.
This infectious disease causes severe watery diarrhea and can lead to dehydration. The condition can be deadly if not treated correctly. Cholera can be caused by drinking water or eating food contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
Cholera Outbreak not the only Health Problem
Another disease is seemingly causing further problems in the Somalia. According to OCHA, a measles outbreak might also be affecting its regions. More than 5,700 suspected cases of measles were reported in the last few months. This value is bigger than the number of cases reported in 2016. Measles is already causing problems in several parts of the world. This includes several European countries, as well as the some United States-based communities as well.
Image Source: Wikimedia