For diabetics, insulin is critical in order to maintain a normal blood sugar level and a good health.
However, patients with diabetes find it hard to determine the exact amount of insulin needed in order to prevent the blood sugar from either going to low or too high.
A team of scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are working on improving the diabetes treatment by developing a new engineered alternative insulin.
According to the scientists, they have been testing the insulin on lab mice and observed that the modified insulin could circulate for at least ten hours in the blood stream.
According to the study, the insulin responds fast if anything changes in the blood sugar level.
This means that the patients will not have monitor their blood sugar numerous times a day and inject the insulin throughout the day.
One of the scientists involved in the new study, Daniel Anderson, said that the real challenge with the alternative insulin they are working on was to get the right amount when the patient needs it. Anderson explains that if there is too little insulin, the blood sugar goes up, and if the patient injects too much insulin, the blood sugar could go alarmingly low.
According to Anderson, the current insulin types available act independently of the blood sugar levels of the patients.
Daniel Anderson and his colleague Robert Langer, are the lead authors of the new study which was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Patients who suffer from Type 1 diabetes lack insulin, which is produced by pancreas and it helps the body by stimulating the fat and muscle tissue to absorb glucose from the patient’s bloodstream.
These patients need insulin on a daily basis in order to regulate the level of glucose in their body. The insulin can be taken in several ways.
Some patients take a modified form of insulin known as “long-lasting insulin”. This type can stay in the bloodstream for up to 24 hours, making sure the insulin is in the body when needed.
Other diabetics inject the insulin according to how many calories they consume daily and how much sugar there is or isn’t present in their diet.
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