The scientists reconstructed the clothes worn by Ötzi the Iceman, more than 5,300 years ago. Ötzi was found in the Ötztal Alps from Italy.
The natural mummy helped scientists to discover many clues on the lives of the Europeans from the Copper Age. Plenty of studies had been conducted, and now all historians know how Ötzi was murdered, what its last meal was, and who his relatives are.
And at this moment, the researchers became interested in what the early humans wore and how their included clothes in their everyday life and habits.
The results showed that most of the clothes were made out of sheep, goat, and cattle. Therefore, the clothing confirmed the present theories concerning how the Copper Age Europeans had lived. They were agro-pastoralists.
Some of the clothes were made from materials coming from domesticated animals, and others were not. Ötzi the Iceman also used roe deer hide and bear furs.
The researchers say that the Copper Age people related to their animal exploitations in terms of necessity, functionality, availability and symbolism.
The choice in clothes materials shows that the Ötzi society had to farm as the dominant activity which would procure them food, whereas hunting was also included in their activity lists because it brought them more supplies and food.
Previous analysis of Ötzi’s clothing was hard to complete because of the tanning process and the results of other scientific studies that interfered with the mummy. Therefore, the researchers used DNA testing to identify the materials used in the clothing.
Thus, it seems that Ötzi the Iceman was wearing a full outfit which helped him to keep warm on the top of the mountains. He wore a hat made of fur on his head, shoes that were stuffed with straws. He also had a coat, a loincloth, and leggings.
The coat and the loincloth were made of sheep leather, and his laces were made from cattle leather.
As the coat was made of patches of leather from sheep and goats, the researchers say that most probably the leather deteriorated easily and had to be replaced and patched and mended.
The leggings were made out of goat leather because it had an insulating potential. Another set of leggings found in the Alps were fabricated from the same material, which means that for some reason, the ancient humans preferred the goat leather.
The skin of a brown bear might have also had a symbolic meaning, as most probably Ötzi the Iceman felt just like intimidating as the animal while wearing the hat made out of the fur of a brown bear.
The quiver was created from the hide of a roe deer, which also might be symbolic.
The significant conclusion of the study is that the animals which had been used in the clothing’s style were also creatures that they had been already domesticated during Ötzi’s time.
Image Source: Wikipedia
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