The scientists have found that the supermassive black holes that are present in several galaxies are emitting molecular hydrogen gas in immense quantities and that too at insane rate.
According to the researchers at University of Sheffield, these celestial bodies are ejecting the gas at an unbelievable speed which sometimes reaches 1 million kilometers per hour.
The gas emitted by these supermassive black holes is cold.
The researchers are seeing the finding as a major breakthrough in the evolution of galaxies. Researchers say the cold gas is critical in forming new stars. They believe that the emission of cold gas has a very huge impact on how galaxies evolve and grow.
A Daily Digest report states: “Using the Very Large Telescope of the European Southern Observatory in Chile to observe the nearby galaxy IC5063, they observed molecular hydrogen gas moving at alarming speeds. What they found was that the gas outflows are accelerated by energetic jets of electrons that are moving at close to the speed of light. Such jets are propelled by central supermassive black holes found at the center of some galaxies (the Milky Way included).”
“Much of the gas in the outflows is in the form of molecular hydrogen, which is fragile in the sense that it is destroyed at relatively low energies,” Professor Clive Tadhunter said while adding, “It is extraordinary that the molecular gas can survive being accelerated by jets of electrons moving at close to the speed of light.”
According to News Tonight Africa report, our Milky Way galaxy is set to collide with nearby galaxy Andromeda in about 5 billion years. The new study has given a rough picture of what will happen at that time. Researchers say during the collision, concentrated gas in the center of the galaxy will be expelled at unbelievable fast rates.
Our vast home galaxy, Milky Way, is gravitationally bound system of some 200 billion stars, thousands of gigantic clouds of gas and dust and massive quantities of mysterious dark matter.
The galaxy poses a central bulge that contains billions of mostly older stars i.e. a thin disc of stars, gas, and dust that spans approx 120,000 light-years from edge to edge. Besides the stars, a roughly spherical halo that contains isolated stars, hot gas, globular clusters and dark matter.
The disc revolves around a bizarre region called the galactic nucleus that likely harbour a supermassive black hole.