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The world scientists are leaving no stone unturned to find a successful treatment for the most fatal disease HIV/AIDS, the Human immunodeficiency virus infection / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which affects the immune system of the human.
In an encouraging development, a new United Nations report has found that the AIDS epidemic may come to an end by 2030 worldwide as new cases of HIV infections and AIDS-related diseases are witnessing a fall in the recent times.
The new United Nations report has estimated that the AIDS/HIV cases will come to an end in every region and in every country by 2030.
According to the UN report, the deaths related to HIV/AIDS have come down by at least 35 percent since 2005.
The year 2005 reported the highest number of deaths from HIV.
While presenting a newly-released Gap report, Michel Sidibe, the Executive Director of UNAIDS, said “The AIDS epidemic devastated families, communities and had a major impact on countries where the epidemic took hold. But over the last 15 years, there has been remarkable progress and we have moved from despair to hope.”
“The infection can be ended in every region, every country, in every location, in every population and every community,” Sidibe said.
The research report said around18 million new HIV infections and 11.2 million AIDS-related deaths would be prevented between 2013 and 2030 if the deadly virus is beaten by 2030.
“If we accelerate all HIV scale-up by 2020, we will be on track to end the epidemic by 2030. If not, we risk significantly increasing the time it would take adding a decade, if not more,” Sidibe said.
With 1.1 million deaths in 2013 and 1.5 million new infections, Africa continues to be the hardest-hit continent. Around 24.7 million people are living with HIV in this continent.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), homosexuality is the biggest threat that could lead to HIV/AIDS.
The health organization calls for greater efforts to treat transgender people, gay men, prison inmates, drug takers and sex workers. They contribute to about half of new HIV infections.