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Health experts strongly recommend no smoking, whether the regular or modern electronic cigarettes, for all. But a new study has found some glaring exposure about the smokers who have been fortunate enough to win battle against cancers.
According to the findings of a population-based study, nearly one-tenth of cancer survivors turned back to smoking just nine years after their diagnosis.
Cautioning against the health hazards of smoking for the cancer survivors, one of the study researcher Lee Westmaas said, “Cigarette smoking decreases the effectiveness of cancer treatments, increases the probability of recurrence and reduces survival time. Yet, a significant proportion of cancer survivors continue to smoke tobacco post-diagnosis.”
Westmaas is director of tobacco research at the American Cancer Society.
The survey showed a whopping 83 percent were those who smoked on daily basis. These fortunate cancer survivors smoked on an average of 14.7 cigarettes every day, the survey showed.
“The population-based, cross-sectional surveys showed that about 15 -18 percent of cancer survivors smoke currently but prevalence varies by type of cancer diagnosis. It is higher among younger survivors and those diagnosed with smoking-related cancers.” Westmaas and his team wrote in their article.
For the survey, the researchers collected data from nationwide cancer registries and identified a random sampling of 2,938 cancer survivors. To have a more clear understanding, the researchers collected information of survivors of 10 different cancers.
Aiming an in-depth study, the researchers carried cross-sectional analyses to understand the frequency and correlation of smoking and its patterns among those survivors.
Following were the key findings:
- Smoking prevalence was found to be varying considerably depending upon the cancer type.
- Highest rates of prevalence were found among survivors of cancers of bladder (17.2 percent) followed by lung (14.9 percent) and the ovarian cancer (11.6 percent).
- Survivors of melanoma, kidney cancer and colorectal cancer had elevated smoking prevalence by 7.6 percent, 7.3 percent and 6.8 percent respectively.
Westmaas further wrote, “The finding of these levels of smoking among survivors with lung and bladder cancer is reason for concern. Post hoc analyses indicated that most bladder (90 percent) and lung cancer survivors (85 percent) were daily smokers who smoked a median of 10 or more cigarettes per day.”
Lower age, poor financial condition, lower education and greater alcohol consumption were closely related to current smoking trends, researchers noted.
Seeing the increasing popularity of both traditional regular cigarettes and modern electronic ones in the market, the government is required to make stringent smoking laws so as to put a check on its use by younger generations.
Now-a-days modern forms of cigarettes, i.e. electronic cigarettes, are luring the young smokers. As these e-cigs are dubbed as best alternatives for smokers who wish to quit the habit, researchers should carry a proper in-depth study on finding its health implications.