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A new project on NASA’s agenda has been announced recently, according to which starting in 2015 an airborne campaign will focus on studying the climate of the world and the changes that it is going through.
The study planned by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration will have 5 main focal points that the aircrafts will be observing and gathering data on. Each of these campaigns is part of NASA’s Earth Venture-class projects and is funded at a cost of $30 million each, over the length of 5 years, to cover all phases of the exercise – development, the field campaigns themselves and the post-flight analysis of the data recorded.
The 5 campaigns that have been selected through competition out of a number of 33 proposals back in 2010 will involve 7 NASA centers, 3 United States government agencies, 2 industry partners and 25 educational institutions – NASA’s website states.
The recent worry in the field of climate change has raised plenty of questions that remain only partially answered. There are rising concerns that pressure leaders from all over the world to hold a meeting in Lima, Peru to discuss the issue of greenhouse emissions and establish a new agreement to contain the amount produced by key countries such as the United States and China.
More insight will probably be given by NASA’s Aircraft as they launch in key locations and gather exact data in regards to causes and effects of the climate change around the globe. The 5 campaigns that will commence in 2015 are listed in a statement made by NASA online:
- Atmospheric chemistry and air pollution – a flight that will take off from Palmdale, California and looks to observe the impact of human pollution on some greenhouse gases by determining how atmospheric chemistry is altered by pollutants.
- Ecosystem changes in a warming ocean – the flight designed to study and predict the way the warming of the oceans will affect underwater ecosystems will be launched from Wallops Flight Facility, Virginia and focus on the climate in the North Atlantic.
- Greenhouse gas sources – the airborne study will only be complementary to those already ongoing on the subject. Data retrieved by the aircraft that will be taking off from the Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia will look to quantify the sources of carbon dioxide and other gases and the way they are transported into the atmosphere by weather conditions.
- African fires and Atlantic clouds – an investigation to better understand the way the smoke particles from biomass burning influences cloud cover over the Atlantic Ocean will be taken over by an aircraft leaving from a bay in Namibia.
- Melting glaciers in Greenland – information and estimates of the sea level rise determined by glacier melting will be gathered by several craft departing from Cleveland, Ohio and Armstrong.