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A new report by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has found that the rate of Type 2 diabetes in the United States has stabilized overall but it still remains a concern among the younger Americans, blacks and Latinos.
The comprehensive study by the researchers at the CDC showed that the rate of Type 2 diabetes among the American adults have appeared to be stalled after growing steadily for nearly two decades.
The researchers conducted annual health surveys for the diabetes study and based on the responses of 664,969 American adults they prepared the report.
For the study, the researchers focused on assessing two things:
- The changes in prevalence of diabetes, i.e. the rate at which the disease is found in an overall population.
- The incidence of diabetes, i.e. the rate at which new diagnoses for the disease are made within a given time frame.
The researchers said that the prevalence of diabetes in the United States has been probably understated as a significant 28 percent people with the disease never get formal diagnosis.
The CDC researchers’ team linked the stability in diabetes with the stabilization of obesity rates in America, which was first seen between 2003 and 2004.
“The plateau may be a downstream effect of another positive trend in the obesity rates,” researchers noted.
Epidemiologist Shakira Suglia from Mailman School of Public Health in Columbia University calls the development “a good news in a way, but not a good news for everybody”.
According to the CDC findings, the metabolic disorder has continued to spread among the younger Americans between age group 20 and 44, African Americans and Latinos.
The likelihood of a type 2 diabetes diagnosis was found still rising among those with a high school education or less.
According to the researchers, the Type 2 diabetes rate among adults in the US between age group 20 and 79 were found to be more than doubled from 3.5 percent in 1990 to 7.9 percent in 2008. Notably, figure was essentially unchanged at 8.3 percent in 2012.
Additionally, the researchers found that for every 1,000 American adults falling in that age group, 3.2 were diagnosed positive for diabetes in 1990, while 8.8 were newly diagnosed for the disease in 2008. However, the figure fell to 7.1 by 2012.
The CDC report was published on Wednesday in the Journal of the American Medical Assn.