New research suggests that there are three more types of diabetes aside the classics – type 1 and type 2. Researchers found that the newly found subtypes are genetically distinct and imply different health risks.
Also, the onset of the new subtypes depends on the person’s age. Scientists noted that the findings helped them understand why diabetes patients react so differently to the same treatment. Some of them are also at a higher risk of complications than others and so on.
Lead author is confident that the revelations could help medics individualize therapy to match each patient’s needs.
The common belief today is that there are just two subtypes of diabetes: type 2 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 occurs when there are immune problems that prevent insulin production. Most patients develop type 1 during childhood.
The most common form of the disease, type 2, occurs when the production of insulin is too little so glucose is not properly metabolized by the body. This subtype appears later in life and a common trigger is obesity.
There Are Three More Types of Diabetes
New research suggests that the two-type theory is overly simplistic.
Study authors sifted through medical data on 8,980 diabetes patients in Sweden and realized that there are five subgroups. Researchers doublechecked the findings with a cohort of 5,795 more people living with diabetes in Finland and Sweden.
The study revealed that what we commonly refer to as type 2 diabetes includes four subcategories. Two of those subcategories are considered to be the most sever types of the condition.
A subtype called insulin-deficient diabetes can be easily taken for type 1 diabetes since patients have low BMI, an early onset, and low insulin production. However, the newly found subtype does not present the telltale signs of an autoimmune condition like type 1 does. Patients in this subgroup routinely develop the so-called “diabetic eye”.
Image Source: Defense.gov
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