The coral bleaching event has taken its toll on many coral reefs across the world over the past few years. Biologists underline that in case the coral reefs die, it will not just affect the marine life.
So What Happens If Coral Reefs Die?
The ocean waters have become more acidic and warmer, due to climate change, which is caused by greenhouse gas emissions. If this situation continues, scientists stress that by 2050, we will suffer the consequences of the coral reefs’ death.
A group of experts has recently conducted a study to establish which are the most vulnerable places where coral bleaching would have the most devastating effect. Also, they accounted for the areas where local communities rely on coral reefs for tourism, fishing, and shoreline protection as well.
At the end of the study, the specialists concluded that a few countries in Southeast Asia including Philippines, Thailand, and Indonesia would experience the most severe impact. In addition to this, Saudi Arabia, Japan, Australia and other coastal communities living in Mexico would be affected to the same extent.
It is worth mentioning that the largest ecosystem hit by the bleaching event is the Great Barrier Reef in Australia because it lost around 90 percent of its coral reefs.
China is the biggest Country that would be hit by the coral bleaching event, whereas the tiniest would be the island nation of Nauru situated in the Southern Pacific Ocean. If coral reefs die, many local communities will suffer an economic collapse because many fishers won’t be able to provide food for themselves.
Furthermore, the tourism industry will also decline. According to Linwood Pendleton, chair of the European Institute of Marine Studies, coral reefs represent not just a touristic attraction, as they are also home to countless marine species.
Plenty of fish in the sea means many jobs for a lot of people. Pendleton further added that many cities situated near the sea or the ocean rely on coral reefs to protect them against storms and powerful waves.
If there were no coral reefs, the waves would hit the shore with full force, affecting many local properties and harming the residents. Coral reefs are like a massive natural wall standing in the way of storms. Unfortunately, some of these countries are responsible for the highest pollution level. So make no mistake, this is what happens if coral reefs die and it will surely happen if we do not change our consumer mentality.
When the ocean waters become warmer, and the bleaching event strikes, many species of marine mammals, fish, and other creatures die because they cannot adapt to such a massive change in their ecosystem. More precisely, coral reefs are their ecosystem, according to biologists.
Image Source:Ebaums World
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