A new study based on the computer simulation has found that the Yellowstone supervolcano, which is unlikely to erupt anytime soon, could dump from 40 to 70 inches of ash, i.e. more than 3 to 5 feet, on the residents of Billing.
The study was conducted by members of the US Geological Survey. The researchers used a model called Ash3D to trace the probable movement of the volcanic eruption and the magnitude of harm it will make.
According to the researchers, the if the eruptions occurs then at least a meter of ash would cover a significant part of the Rocky Mountain range, besides spreading a few millimeters towards the cities on both coasts of the United States.
Calling the Yellowstone eruption a crazy thing to think about, lead study author Larry Mastin said, “None of us have ever seen an eruption like Yellowstone. It would be two or three orders of magnitude more ash than we have been able to observe.”
Mastin, a USGS hydrologist, helped to develop the Ash3D model.
According to the scientists, no super eruptions of such a magnitude as that expected by the Yellowstone super volcano explosion have been witnessed in the past.
Even Chile’s Quizapu volcano eruptions and Alaska’s Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes are much below the magnitudes of the Yellowstone event, says the study on the basis of the simulation on a Yellowstone eruption and the Ash3D model.
The most recent crater-forming event, caldera eruption, at Yellowstone occurred roughly 640,000 years ago, scientists said.
Despite its occurrence in 600,000 to 800,000 intervals, the scientists say there is no indication that the Yellowstone super volcano is preparing for another cataclysmic explosion.
The study detailing the Yellowstone’s eruption pattern based on the Ash3D model has been published in the Wiley Online Library.