Researchers from King’s College in London had performed an exhaustive study of the attention deficit syndrome and the relating factors. Even though it had been thought that ADHD only appears in childhood, the study shows adults have now become as much likely to exhibit specific symptoms.
The current definition of the syndrome is strictly limited for children before the age of 7. Until now there had been multiple debates on how to approach the treatment, yet this study seems to have taken things even further.
In the US, by 2003 more than 11% of the children under the age of 7 had been diagnosed with ADHD. The number increased 43 percent in 8 years. Initially, doctors thought that boys were more prone to have the disorder, but newer studies had shown the difference between genders is becoming less important.
Even more worrying, the article published on Tuesday shows that the age span is even larger than what is set in the current definition. Researchers observed symptoms of ADHD in adulthood, and thus tried to make a track of the disorder backwards into the childhood, more specifically up to the ages of 5, 7, 10 and 12.
But this proved to be futile. 70% of the adults who had such symptoms were not known to present signs of ADHD in childhood, according to the reports of their parents and teachers. However, adults with ADHD seemed less likely to hereditary transmit the disorder.
The data from this research emerged from earlier studies made in UK, Brazil, and New Zealand, which all found symptoms of ADHD in adulthood that did not have any history of symptoms in their childhood.
Authors speculate that this recurrence may either indicate that the disorder was masked in childhood, or that we are facing the emergence of a new form of ADHD. Moreover, symptoms are usually associated with other psychiatric deficiencies, which make them difficult to diagnose.
Whatever the case, scientists agree adults also should receive treatment as ADHD symptoms concur to low levels of general functioning. Having this in mind, they will try to raise awareness on the effects of ADHD on the adult life, so that everyone affected should get the help they need.
The recurrence of ADHD in adults is found to be up to 4%.
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