British “Pompeii” has been discovered in Cambridgeshire, dating since 1000-800 BC.
A settlement of more circular houses has been found by archeologists. The houses were built of wood on stilts. After a fire destroyed the posts the houses fell into the river where their contents were preserved by the silt. Researchers have found inside them pots with food inside them.
Among other interesting and unusual findings at the site, there was a necklace formed from exotic glass beads very unusual for the Bronze Age. The signatures within the glass helped experts determine that the necklace was coming from the Balkans, which shows that trading routs between the Britain of the time and nearby continents were already established.
The site might contain about five houses but the archeologists are not yet sure as the houses are still being excavated. Uncovering is necessary as the water level could fall and destroy the remains.
According to the Historic England’s chief executive Duncan Wilson, the settlement is a time capsule giving us a real view of the Bronze Age as a result of an interesting combination of water and fire that made possible the preservation. The excavations will surely give us a better understanding of the past from 3,000 years ago.
In the pots found at the site archeologist Selina Davenport says there was pottage. This was a kind of porridge maybe with a few extra herbs. Sometimes people from the Bronze Age were also adding honey. Experts were not surprised by this finding as during that age people were mostly eating vegetables, saving the meat for special occasions.
According to Duncan Garrow, archeology professor at Reading University, the site provides extraordinary evidence about the knowledge of timber and the woodwork skills possessed by people of the Bronze Age.
The discovery shows that these people were skilled carpenters with experience in woodworking and able to construct complex settlements. All of these findings show us that people from that time were able to think ahead and make plans.
An unexpected finding was that of textiles created from lime tree bark and other plant fabrics which shows that people living there had skills in working with several different materials. This fabric requires a very complicated technology which scientists didn’t thought existed at that time.
Specialists are now trying to determine what made the people burn down the houses and leave the settlement. Their first guess is that a tragic event occurred in the community. The diggings are expected to tell and show us more.
Image source: Cambridge University
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