While scientists have already established that women need to stop drinking coffee during their pregnancy or even earlier, a new study suggests that men should do the same.
Previous research has shown that women who choose to have more than two drinks containing caffeine are 74 percent more likely to go through a miscarriage than the ones who consume less coffee, energy drinks, tea or soda. However, if their partners also have over two caffeinated drinks per day when conceiving the baby, they transfer this risk to the women. Therefore, women are prone to the same risk even if they do not drink coffee themselves.
Germaine Buck Louis, lead author of the study from the National Institute of Child Health and Human development Eunice Kennedy Shriver in Rockville, Maryland, has argued that people should not stop drinking coffee completely:
“Rather, our data suggest that men and women, should they continue to drink caffeinated beverages, might be advised to keep the amount to less than three daily drinks. We did not find drinking one to two daily caffeinated beverages to increase the risk of miscarriage.”
In spite of the clear results, the mode in which miscarriages are determined by caffeine have yet to be determined. Scientists that it must affect either the fertilized egg’s implantation, the sperm production or the embryo’s capability of growing in the uterus.
In order to conduct the research, the team of scientists has monitored 344 couples in Michigan and Texas during seven weeks at the beginning of the pregnancy. Apart from recording the daily intake of caffeine, the usage of multivitamins, alcoholic beverages and cigarettes were also taken into consideration.
The results published in the Fertility and Sterility journal showed that 28 percent of the women who participated to the test (98 women) went through a miscarriage. Furthermore, women who were older than 35 had double the risk of miscarrying than younger women. Other details proved that those who took multivitamins each day had a 55 percent lower risk of losing their unborn babies.
The greatest surprise of the study was, however, the fact that pregnancies were not affected by the consumption of alcohol or cigarettes. Since the research was not focused on these habits, it cannot be taken for granted.
In conclusion, doctors recommend pregnant women to take multivitamins and both partners to limit their daily caffeine intake.
Image Source: Medical Daily
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