Researchers will observe how the walls of the pyramids absorbed cosmic particles, to potentially solve the age-old mystery of how the pyramids in Egypt were built.
Using muon tomography – a technique that uses cosmic ray muons to generate 3D images of volumes (often used to peer inside volcanoes to predict eruptions) – researchers will first scan the Bent Pyramid, which is located twenty-five miles (forty km) south of Cairo. The Bent Pyramid was built under the Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu (2,600 BCE) and it got its name due to its ‘bent’ appearance – which may have been the result of an engineering failure.
Hany Helal, vice president and co-founder of the non-profit Heritage Innovation Preservation Institute, said that when it comes to the construction of the pyramids, no theory has been proven one hundred percent. What researchers are trying to do with the new technology is to either confirm, upgrade, of change the hypotheses on the construction of the pyramids, Helal explained.
A research team from Canada, Japan, Egypt, and France, along with the Heritage Innovation Preservation Institute, will be using various cutting-edge technologies to find new clues about the Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu), Pyramid of Khafre or of Chephren (at Giza), and the Red and Bent pyramids in Dahshur.
The Pyramid of Khufu (c. 2580–2560 BCE) is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and the only one that still stands (almost intact) to this day. This pyramid contains an estimate of more than two million stone blocks, each weighing around two to thirty tons.
The team of researchers led by Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities wrote in a summary of their project, called Scan Pyramids, that it still amazes many scientists how the Pyramid of Khufu was built over an approximate twenty-year period.
To build 3D (three dimensional) models of the pyramid structures, as well as look for potential hidden chambers without harming the pyramids, the researchers will use various advanced technologies.
Next month, they will place muon detectors inside the Bent Pyramid to figure out at what rate the cosmic particles accumulate. Mehdi Tayoubi, president of the Heritage Innovation Preservation Institute, said that by using this new technology, they may also spot void areas in the pyramids.
Drones will be used to take pictures of the pyramids from various angles that will then be constructed into 3D models. The team said that they will also use thermal imaging of the pyramids to generate temperature maps.
Image Source: i.ytimg
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