In what could be the worst effect of human intervention, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) report showed a very gloomy picture of the global wildlife population with their overall numbers dropped by over half percentage in the past four decade.
The WWF report, which was released on Tuesday, showed that the world populations of birds, mammals, amphibians, fish and reptiles declined overall by 52 percent between 1970 and 2010.
The report turned down the previous believes of population growth of the wild animals that assumed the growth trajectory slower than the current rate.
The findings by the conservation group were published in the Living Planet Report which is published every two years. The WWF’ Living Planet Index is based on trends in 10,380 populations of 3,038 mammal, reptile, amphibian, fish and bird species.
According to the report, the biggest decline in the population of vertebrate wildlife was in tropical regions, especially Latin America.
On the other hand, the worst decline was found among the freshwater species populations that dropped by 76 percent over the four decades. The numbers of marine and terrestrial animals both declined by 39 percent.
According to the report, the major contributors for the declining figures of the wildlife population are deforestation, loss of natural habitats, excessive hunting or fishing, excess pumping of groundwater and higher emission of greenhouse gases including carbon dioxide and climate change.
“This damage is not inevitable but a consequence of the way we choose to live,” Ken Norris, Director of Science at the Zoological Society of London, said in a press release.
The conservation group in its report expressed hope that the politicians and businesses would soon take corrective measures immediately to protect nature.
General Marco Lambertini, WWF International Director, said, “It is essential that we seize the opportunity – while we still can – to develop sustainably and create a future where people can live and prosper in harmony with nature.”
Lambertini said that the preserving of nature will not only protect wild animal kingdom but also safeguard the humanity and the human survival in the future.