World Health Organization published a new report showing that life expectancy had grown from 2000 until 2015. Even though the progress is impressive, there still are substantial discrepancies among countries and within countries themselves.
One of the greatest increases was in the African region. Because of the advancements in malaria control, life expectancy raised almost 10%, reaching now 60 years.
The general life expectancy has risen with almost five years after 2000. This trend is, in fact, one of recovery after in the 1990s the African population has been severely affected by the AIDS epidemic. At the same time, Soviet Union collapsed and provoked a state of uncertainty in Eastern Europe.
“The world has made great strides in reducing the needless suffering and premature deaths that arise from preventable and treatable diseases,” said Margaret Chan, WHO General Director.
As the results of this increase are uneven, WHO recommends countries to introduce a health coverage that should be universal, and that should focus on primary care.
Africa had the best improvement of life expectancy levels. Aside from malaria control, progress has been made in child survival and access to HIV treatment.
The global figures show 71.4 years life expectancy for children that have been born in 2015. Females have a 73.8 years life expectancy while males have it set to only 69.1 years.
The numbers increase with the level of income –babies born in rich countries are expected to live up to 80 years or more while children from sub-Saharan Africa are looking up to less than 60 years of life.
As for gender differences, the most life optimmistic females on the planet are the Japanese women. For men, Switzerland has the highest survival – 81.3 years. On the opposite side, people living in Sierra Leone have the lowest life expectancy, of only 50.8 years for women and 49.3 years for men.
The measure of the years in good health 2015 newborn can expect is set to 63.1 years globally, a number a bit higher for females than for males.
WHO is a strong supporter for healthy lives and promotes well-being for everyone, at all ages.
The organization endorses the United Nations’ goals for sustainable development made public in September 2015, among which the fight against poverty and hunger, good health and well-being, quality education and gender equality, clean water and sanitation, responsible consumption and production, and climate action.
Image Source: Wikipedia
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