University of Vermont in Colchester has conducted some research and recently found out that increasing their levels of physical exercises, middle-aged men could be reducing the risk of developing some kinds of cancer.
The new study, published in detail in the journal JAMA Oncology, discovered an important connection between men’s fitness levels during their 40s and 50s and the development of fatal cancers. Researchers are followers of the concept of preventing cancer by adopting behavioral changes, as well as exercise.
Susan Lakoski, an assistant medicine professor at the University of Vermont, said that being physically fit as a man could mean more than just that; they are also expected to experience reduced levels of cancer-related sex hormones, their immunity enhances and inflammation occurs a lot less. All these effects put together might be an inhibitor of cancer and of dying from it.
Approximately 14,000 men with an average age of 49 years old were part of the fitness assessment study during 1971 and 2009. The data collected over this timeframe was cross-referenced with 1999-2009 Medicare records of participants who averaged 65 years old.
There were significant changes during the average 6.5 years follow-up after the original baseline was set: 1,310 men were diagnosed with prostate cancer, 200 with lung cancer, and 181 with colon cancer. According to the study’s authors, a distinct link could be found between higher cancer risks and lower levels of physical exercise.
Unfit men experienced a 55 percent higher lung cancer risk that those who exercised regularly. Active men reduced their colon cancer occurrence with 44 percent; most importantly, cancer-related death rates seemed to have reduced by 32 percent among the fit study group. The only cancer that was not influenced by exercise was prostate cancer.
Metabolic Equivalent of Task (MET) is a unit used to measure rates of exercise; one unit is equivalent to the difference of running a mile in 11.5 minutes instead of 12 minutes.
Lakoski explained that even improving your fitness by one MET could cause an important shift in survival rates – 10 percent and 25 percent, respectively, lower chances of dying from cancer and cardiovascular disease.
The harsh reality is that, as some point in their lives, around 4 in 10 Americans will hear the unfortunate news that they have cancer. In 2014, doctors diagnosed with cancer more than 1,665,000 people in the United States.
American health guidelines encourage men (and women!) to make a healthy habit of 30 minutes of physical activity, five times a week, which will maximize cardiac health.
Image Source: Huffington Post
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