Scientists from the largest atom smasher in the world said Wednesday that they’ve discovered two new subatomic particles. The particles were never before seen and are believed to be capable of widening our understanding of the Universe.
The newly discovered particles were already predicted to exist and they are baryons made up of three quarks held together by a strong force. Officials at the laboratory (known as CERN, by its French acronym) showed their discovery on Wednesday.
The new particles were found as a result of an experiment using the Large Hadron Collider from the European Organization for Nuclear Research. The recent discovery could reveal more about how things work farther than the “Standard Model” physics theory explaining the basic building blocks of matter.
Matthew Charles, a collaborator at CERN’s LPNHE Laboratory at Paris VI University said:
“Nature was kind and gave us two particles for the price of one,”
Scientists have been intentionally crushing protons in the 27 kilometers long tunnel on the Swiss-French border to see what they’re able to find out about the particles within the Universe and about the Universe itself. The recently discovered particles are six times bigger than other particles previously found.
The scientists studied the particles’ production rates, widths and several other details along the masses of the two new recently discovered particles.
CERN-based physicist, Patrick Koppenburg, said the study using data from 2011 to 2012 could help differentiate the Standard Model from anything new and unexpected discovered in the future.
“This is a very exciting result. Thanks to LHCb’s excellent hadron identification, which is unique among the LHC experiments, we were able to separate a very clean and strong signal from the background. It demonstrates once again the sensitivity and how precise the LHCb detector is,”
Many CERN scientists have also used the accelerator to discover the subatomic particle called Higgs boson in 2012. In absence of the Higgs boson subatomic particle, particles would not hold together and there would be an absence of matter. This discovery helped Peter Higgs win in 2013 the Nobel Prize in physics by proving his theories.