Netherlands-based researchers have laid to rest the controversial issue of delivery of breech babies.
The researchers ranked elective Cesarean section above the vaginal delivery for breech babies, saying they face higher death risk from the traditional form of delivery.
The research team was led by Dr Floortje Vlemmix of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam in Netherlands.
According to the study, breech babies face a ten-fold death risk from vaginal delivery compared to C-section.
Breech babies are those who are born from a breech presentation. In simpler terms, in such a presentation baby exits the pelvis with the feet or buttocks first in place of the normal head-first presentation.
In cesarean section (C-section), babies are delivered through an incision made in the abdomen of the mother.
According to the researchers, Cesarean birth techniques remarkably reduce the death risk of breech babies by cutting down the subsequent complications significantly. One in every 25 full-term births is breech, says the American Pregnancy Association.
While addressing a press conference, lead study author Dr. Floortje Vlemmix, said, “As an obstetrician, ensuring the health and safety of the mother and infant during child birth is of the utmost importance. Our study focuses on understanding if the increase in cesareans following the term breech study had any impact on neonatal outcomes.”
The rates of C-sections in Americans rose 60 percent from 1996 to 2009, from 20.7 percent of total births to 32.9 percent. In 2012 alone, 33 percent of all deliveries were C-sections. On the other hand, the Netherlands saw increase between 50 percent to 78 percent from 2000 to 2008 in the rate of C-section.
The study was published in the journal Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica.