What led to the beginning of modern civilization in humans? History says the modern humans evolved approximately 200,000 years ago but they began using tools and making different art forms around 50,000 years ago. But why this huge gap. The researchers from the Duke University tried to unfold what led to this massive gap in the history of human civilization.
According to the researchers, the new study showed that it was the femininity and not the masculinity that laid the foundation for modern civilization.
Scientists say we may be living in the world which is largely dominated by the male community but it was the dropping levels of testosterone levels that catalyzed human prosperity, hence inking a new chapter in the history of mankind.
Lead author Robert Cieri, a University of Utah biology graduate working as a senior at the Duke University, said, “The modern human behaviors of technological innovation, that led to art and rapid cultural exchange, probably came at the same time that we developed a more cooperative temperament.”
The team of researchers further said that the lower levels of testosterone in humans made them more civilized. This led to the foundation of civilized societies.
For understanding the passage from early humans to modern civilized humans, the researchers carried a study involving analysis of 1,400 ancient and modern skulls. While studying the human skulls, the researchers discovered a connection between low testosterone levels and growing civilization.
The researchers, however, are unsure whether humans had lower testosterone levels in their body or had lesser receptors for the hormone.
According to the researchers, they studied the human skull because the changes in their temperament can be understood from the changing facial structure. The reducing hormones in male led to softer facial features including less prominent brows and rounder heads.
“If we’re seeing a process that leads to these changes in other animals, it might help explain who we are and how we got to be this way,” Brian Hare said in a press release.
The findings of the study were published under the title “Craniofacial Feminization, Social Tolerance and the Origins of Behavioral Modernity,” in the journal Current Anthropology.