Cancer treatments will be developed according to the human genetic make-up. America is setting sails for what could be the greatest achievement in the modern medical history, analysing the generating information of 1 million humans and from there develop treatments.
U.S. plans to start a project which is set to analyse the genetic information of more than 1 million American people, who would volunteer. This would help them Better understand the human diseases and create medication according to the person’s genetics.
The study, will gather both men and women, old and young, healthy and sick who would be studied to understand how genetic variation can affect health and diseases. Scientists hope they will manage to gather up to 1 million volunteers. This would presents itself as on of the greatest opportunities for modern medicine and life saving medicine, stated president, Barack Obama.
The main, first goal of the study is to create more and better cures for cancer, another one would be creating personalised treatment for several diseases, explained the director of the National Institute of Health, doctor Francis Collins. The reason cancer treatment was the first in line, was because of the lethality of the illness and the medical advances that medicine has already done, even though more work was needed.
The project, should receive a funding of $2015 million from the budget of 2016, stated the president, out of which $130 million would go to the NIH and $70 million to NIH’s National Cancer Institute, to help the study of identifying molecular drivers of cancer and use that information to develop medication. Another $10 million would go to the Food and Drug Administration to create a database on which to shape an opportune regulatory structure. $5 million would be used by the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information and Technology to establish privacy measures and ensure the security of data exchange. President Obama, assured people that privacy was critical and was going to be created from day one.
Though, this amount doesn’t seem to be quite enough for sequencing one million genomes from scratch. A sequencing of the genome, costs around $1,000 per genome, and this means costs of $1 billion only for this component. In order to avoid these expenses, the national group of volunteers will be assembled from people who wish to take part in something of an historic extent and also use existing studies that are connecting genomic information to medical outcomes.
Image Source: TNW
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